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Merkuriusz Polski dzieje wszystkiego świata w sobie zamykający dla informacji pospolitej. Od 3 stycznia 1661.
wtorek, 4 Sierpień, 2020 - 16:05
pon., 02/09/2013 - 13:41

Witzan to król panujący przed Liubym. W roku 795 został zamordowany władca Wilków o imieniu Wilka. Po nim władzę w kraju przejął niejaki król Liuba- jako król Wilkow. Miał on dwóch synów - jego synowie to Meligast i Celeadragus, ok. 823 roku. Król Liubi umiera w 823 roku w potyczce z Obodrytami (za: Handbuch der Brandenburgischen Geschichte, Band 1 von Gottfried Traugott Gallus). Miasto Lubeka mial założyć wendyjski książę o imieniu Lubimar- Luba, Liubn. Imię to nosili rowniez Goccy królowie w Hiszpanii tzn. Liuba I i Liuba II.

Liubi, podano w kronikach bertynskich i inych krolów Frankow z czasów Ludwika I cesarza

" Erant filii Liubi regis Vilzorum, gui licet cum fratribus suis

regnum suum divisum teneret, propterea tamen

quod natu major esset, ad eum totius regni summa pertinebat."

Krolestwo jego bylo najwieksze, zostało podzielone na jego dzieci. Synowie tego Liuba to: Meligast i Celiadrag.

Wszyscy ci krolikowie potomkowie domniemanego Leszka byli krolikami Lutykow, Wilkow, Oborytow, jak i pozniejsi po nich.

text lacinski

"In haec tempora incidere videtur id, quod Huldricus

Mutius in annum Christri 823 confert, nempe duos fratres,quos in

Saxonia Polonici sive Slavici generis fuiss constant cum de principatu

paterno contenderent Francofordiam ad Ludovicum pium imperatorum,

Cardi magni filium venire, eoque auctore principatum natu minori,

concedente majore atributum esse ,cum eum magis gens illa per blegatos



Meligast- zwany przez Czechow Gostywita i Osteryk

Celiadrag- zwany przez Czechow Mistywojem i Dypoldem


This same year in the month of May happened a transaction at the above mentioned diet or placitum of Frankfort. Among the several deputies of barbarous nations at this assembly were two brothers who contested with other the succession to the kingdom of the Wilzi and came plead their cause before the emperor's tribunal; their were Melegastus and Celadragus sons of Liudi king of Wilzi who had reigned jointly with his brothers though sovereignty strictly speaking was invested in him as the eldest of the family. This prince being slain together with his brothers in the battle against the Obotrites in 809, the Wilzi

chose Melegastus his eldest son to succeed him. But his administration proving highly disagreeable to the nation and unworthy of a good prince they thought proper to depose him and to confer the government on the younger brother. Melegastus made his complaint to the emperor and they were both summoned to appear at the diet of Frankfort. Lewis heard the allegations on each side; but finding the inclinations of the people to run strongly in favour of Celadragus he confirmed their choice and dismissed both the brothers with presents, after exacting an oath of fidelity. This passage is worthy of our attention as some inferences may be drawn from it with regard to the history of the Venedi. First it shews the falsity of the accounts of the Polish writers, Duglossus, Cromerus and others concerning the extensive dominions of king Lechus who is said to have been cotemporary with Charlemagne and to have divided among his sons the whole country of the Slavi or Venedi as far as Saxony and Thuringia. In the next place it proves that the subjection of the Venedi to the monarchy of the Franks was more owing to the intestine divisions of the former than to any right the latter had to a superiority over the Venedic nation. Had Melegastus governed his people according to their established laws or had both the brothers lived in harmony and friendship there would have been no appeal to a foreign jurisdiction. As this is the last time we find any mention in history of the kings of the Wilzi it is proper to observe that notwithstanding the great variance between those princes and the kings of the Obotrites at the time of Charlemagne and Lewis the Debonnaire they were very probably all of the fame family.

princes of the Wilzi are supposed to have been of the line of Billung I. an uncle of Witzan or Witstau king of the Obotrites. The misunderstanding between those two branches as I have before observed was owing to the strict alliance between the Obotrites and the Franks to the latter of whom the Wilzi had a strong aversion. But upon the extinction of Witzan's line and the succession of that of Billung the animosity between the two tribes seems to have intirely subsided.

za: T. Nugent, Historia Wandalii